Categories: Lifestyle

Type 1 Diabetes | Symptoms, Causes, and Risk Factors |

Type 1 Diabetes | Symptoms, Causes, and Risk Factors |

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes, once known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes. Here I am going to elaborate on the Type 1 Diabetes | Symptoms, Causes, and Risk Factors |

It is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin.

Insulin is a hormone needed to allow sugar (glucose) to enter cells to produce energy.

Different factors, including genetics and some viruses, may contribute to type 1 diabetes.

Although type 1 diabetes usually appears during childhood or adolescence, it can develop in adults.

Despite active research, type 1 diabetes has no cure.

Treatment focuses on managing blood sugar levels with insulin, diet, and lifestyle to prevent complications.

Symptoms

The followings are the symptoms:

Increased thirst

Frequent urination

Bed-wetting in children who previously didn’t wet the bed during the night

Extreme hunger

Unintended weight loss

Irritability and other mood changes

Fatigue and weakness

Blurred vision

It will be very useful to read Type 1 Diabetes | Symptoms, Causes, and Risk Factors |

Causes

The exact cause of type 1 diabetes is unknown.

Usually, the body’s own immune system, which normally fights harmful bacteria and viruses.

Mistakenly destroys the insulin-producing (islet, or islets of Langerhans) cells in the pancreas. Other possible causes include:

Genetics

Exposure to viruses and other environmental factors

The Requirement of Insulin

Once a significant number of islet cells are destroyed, you’ll produce little or no insulin.

Insulin is a hormone that comes from a gland situated behind and below the stomach (pancreas).

The pancreas secretes insulin into the bloodstream.

Insulin circulates, allowing sugar to enter your cells.

Insulin lowers the amount of sugar in your bloodstream.

As your blood sugar level drops, so does the secretion of insulin from your pancreas.

The Requirement of the Glucose

Glucose — a sugar — is a main source of energy for the cells that make up muscles and other tissues.

Glucose comes from two major sources: food and your liver.
Sugar is absorbed into the bloodstream, where it enters cells with the help of insulin.

Your liver stores glucose as glycogen.

When your glucose levels are low, such as when you haven’t eaten in a while, the liver breaks down the stored glycogen into glucose to keep your glucose levels within a normal range.

In type 1 diabetes, there’s no insulin to let glucose into the cells, so sugar builds up in your bloodstream. This can cause life-threatening complications.

Risk Factors

Some known risk factors for type 1 diabetes include:

Family history

Anyone with a parent or sibling with type 1 diabetes has a slightly increased risk of developing the condition.

Genetics

The presence of certain genes indicates an increased risk of developing type 1 diabetes.

Geography

The incidence of type 1 diabetes tends to increase as you travel away from the equator.

Age

Although type 1 diabetes can appear at any age, it appears at two noticeable peaks.

The first peak occurs in children between 4 and 7 years old, and the second is in children between 10 and 14 years old.

Complications

Over time, type 1 diabetes complications can affect major organs in your body, including the heart, blood vessels, nerves, eyes, and kidneys.

Maintaining a normal blood sugar level can dramatically reduce the risk of many complications.

Eventually, diabetes complications may be disabling or even life-threatening.

Heart and blood vessel disease

Diabetes dramatically increases your risk of various cardiovascular problems.

It includes coronary artery disease with chest pain (angina), heart attack, stroke, narrowing of the arteries (atherosclerosis), and high blood pressure.

Nerve damage (neuropathy)

Excess sugar can injure the walls of the tiny blood vessels (capillaries) that nourish your nerves, especially in the legs.

This can cause tingling, numbness, burning or pain that usually begins at the tips of the toes or fingers and gradually spreads upward.

Poorly controlled blood sugar could cause you to eventually lose all sense of feeling in the affected limbs.

Damage to the nerves that affect the gastrointestinal tract can cause problems with nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or constipation.

For men, erectile dysfunction may be an issue.

Kidney damage (nephropathy)

The kidneys contain millions of tiny blood vessel clusters that filter waste from your blood.

Diabetes can damage this delicate filtering system.

Severe damage can lead to kidney failure or irreversible end-stage kidney disease, which requires dialysis or a kidney transplant.

Eye damage

Diabetes can damage the blood vessels of the retina (diabetic retinopathy), potentially causing blindness.

Diabetes also increases the risk of other serious vision conditions, such as cataracts and glaucoma.

Foot damage

Nerve damage in the feet or poor blood flow to the feet increases the risk of various foot complications.

Left untreated, cuts and blisters can become serious infections that may ultimately require toe, foot, or leg amputation.

Skin and mouth conditions

Diabetes may leave you more susceptible to infections of the skin and mouth, including bacterial and fungal infections.

Gum disease and dry mouth also are more likely.

Pregnancy complications

High blood sugar levels can be dangerous for both the mother and the baby.

The risk of miscarriage, stillbirth, and birth defects increases when diabetes isn’t well-controlled.

For the mother, diabetes increases the risk of diabetic ketoacidosis, diabetic eye problems (retinopathy), pregnancy-induced high blood pressure, and preeclampsia.

Preventions

There’s no known way to prevent type 1 diabetes.

But researchers are working on preventing the disease or further destruction of the islet cells in people who are newly diagnosed.

Ask your doctor if you might be eligible for one of these clinical trials, but carefully weigh the risks and benefits of any treatment available in a trial.

The world is having increased Diabetes patients day by day.

It is very essential to look after yourself in all ways.

If you feel any aforesaid symptoms, do not forget to visit doctors immediately.

All the best and stay fit, healthy and off course wealthy.

You should also read Educate Your Kids about the Difference between “NEEDS” and “WANTS”.

Can eating fast food increase your stress levels? | The Times of India

nand verma

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