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Top 8 Photography Techniques You Should Definitely Know.

Top 8 Photography Techniques You Should Definitely Know.

Photography has an important role to express anything very easily to anyone at any place in the world.

Then the Top 8 Photography Techniques You Should Definitely Know to get noticed for best photography.

It is also a type of hobby for many people. Taking a selfie at desired place and at a desired moment is most trending activity in the world nowadays.

1. Use the Rule of Thirds

The rule of thirds is an essential photography technique. It can be applied to any subject to improve the composition and balance of your images.

It is also the first rule of Top 8 Photography Techniques You Should Definitely Know.

The rule of thirds is one of the most useful composition techniques in photography.

It’s an important concept to learn as it can be used in all types of photography to produce images that are more engaging and better balanced.

WHAT IS THE RULE OF THIRDS?

The rule of thirds involves mentally dividing up your image using 2 horizontal lines and 2 vertical lines.

You then position the important elements in your scene along those lines, or at the points where they meet.

BREAKING THE RULE

As with all rules (at least in photography), the rule of thirds doesn’t apply in every situation, and sometimes breaking it can result in a much more eye-catching, interesting photo.

Experiment and test out different compositions even if they go against any “rules” you’ve learned.

2. HIGH-SPEED PHOTOGRAPHY – WHAT IS IT?

High-speed photography is the ability to manipulate the exposure of a photograph so that all movement is frozen and things can be seen that could not be seen with the eye alone. 

You are exploring Top 8 Photography Techniques You Should Definitely Know.

There are two basic ways to do this:  One, shorten the shutter speed, or Two, use flash in a way that the time the subject is illuminated is extremely minimal. 

The common denominator between these two methods is that the exposure made on the camera sensor is extremely brief. 

How brief?  Like many things in photography, it depends.

Top 8 Photography Techniques You Should Definitely Know.
Making a Splash

A popular use for high-speed photography is making images where the “subject” (water, powder, etc.) spills, scatters, fragments, drips, drops or otherwise flies around. 

Dramatic shots of materials frozen which we cannot see with our eyes are possible. 

Making these shots is often messy as well!  With bright outdoor light, these kinds of images can often be made outdoors however where cleanup is easier and a fast shutter can freeze the action.  Most modern cameras will shoot up to 1/4000th of a second, many will go up to 1/8000th. 

This is plenty fast enough to freeze things like tiny drops of water in mid-air.

3. Night Photography

Use High ISO Testing as an Exposure

If you’re still unsure about how to determine exposures from scratch, use a trick called High ISO Testing as your guide.

Here’s how it works. For each successive increase of your ISO dial and full stop in opening the aperture notch of your lens, your subsequent exposure time will be cut in half.

Let’s say you boosted your ISO to 6400—a 6x difference from ISO 100—and fully opened your aperture to f/2.0—increasing the amount of light from a mid-range setting of f/8.0.

While these settings will potentially yield an image with unappealing contrast, increased grain, and limited depth of field.

You can save valuable time by shooting an exposure bracket to identify a well-exposed histogram at these settings.

Let’s say the ideal histogram for this scene corresponds with a shutter speed of 4 seconds.

You can then do the math to calculate the required exposure time for the same scene captured at ISO 100 and f/8, which would be a total of 32 minutes.

In addition to being an efficient way to calculate exposure, doing test shots at high ISOs is also helpful for quickly evaluating your framing and basic details of the image composition.

Most important—when using this method, make sure to change your ISO and aperture back to the desired settings after you’ve finished calculations, otherwise you’ll find yourself with a final image that is grossly overexposed, yet took more than 30 minutes to make.

4. Macro Photography

Macro photography is close-up photography of small subjects, including things like bugs and flowers.

You can take macro pictures in a studio or outdoor environment so long as you are magnifying your subject sufficiently.

What Is Magnification?

In macro photography, it is important to know how large or small your subject appears on your camera sensor.

Comparing this number versus your subject’s size in the real world gives you a value known as your magnification.

What Is Working Distance?

Working distance is easy: It’s the distance between the front of your lens and your nearest subject.

If your working distance is too small, you might end up scaring your subject or blocking the light simply because you are too close.

Ideally, you will want a working distance of six inches (15 centimeters), with the best-case scenario being twice that or more.

5. Motion Blur
Slow Down Your Shutter Speed

The reason for movement blur is simply that the amount of time that the shutter of a camera is open is long enough to allow your camera’s image sensor to ‘see’ the movement of your subject.

So the number one tip in capturing movement in an image is to select a longer shutter speed.

If your shutter speed is fast (eg 1/4000th of a second) it’s not going to see much movement (unless the the subject is moving mighty fast) while if you select a longer shutter speed (eg 5 seconds) you don’t need your subject to move very much at all before you start to see blur.

Small Apertures

So how do you cut down the amount of light that gets into your camera to help compensate for a longer shutter speed?

How about changing the size of the hole that the light comes in through. This is called adjusting your camera’s Aperture.

Decrease Your ISO

Another way to compensate for the extra light that a longer shutter speed lets into your camera is to adjust the ISO setting of your camera.

ISO impacts the sensitivity of your digital camera’s image sensor. A higher number will make it more sensitive to light and a lower number will make the sensor less sensitive.

Choose a low number and you’ll find yourself able to choose longer shutter speeds.

6. Long Exposure Photography

A useful technique in night photography is the long exposure.The effects that can be captured with a long exposure are stunning and have an ethereal quality.

The most important tool that you will need is a sturdy tripod, along with a DSLR camera that allows for long exposures.

The main thing to keep in mind while deciding on the correct exposure is how to capture both the shadows as well as the highlights.

If you are successful in obtaining the right shadows, you will be able to produce an excellent night scene that will win you compliments. When taking long exposures.

The key is to keep the shutter open only long enough for the desired effect.

If you keep the shutter open too long, you’ll lose the details in whatever light source is illuminating your subject, and you might even lose the ability to identify what the subject is.

When trying to create a light trail, the shutter should be open for at least 1 second, and therefore requires a tripod.

Use shutter priority mode and start with 1-second shutter speed and see what the result is; if the trail is too short, add 2 seconds, and then keep adding 2 seconds until you get the lighting effect that you want (the beauty of digital photography is that you’ll know immediately).

If you have too much blurring, then your shutter was open too long, and you need to dial it back down maybe a full second.

7. Painting with Light

Light painting is a photography technique that uses a moving light source (e.g., a flashlight) to add light to a subject while taking a long-exposure photograph.

A scene or object can be brought to life by painting with a beam of light.

Now let’s take a look at the best camera settings for light painting:

  • Mode – Shoot in Manual mode, which allows you to set your shutter speed and aperture.
  • Image quality – Set your image quality to RAW, which allows you to capture as much information as possible. (This is not a necessity, but it is an important recommendation.)
  • White balance – If you want to balance out your artificial light source, choose either the Incandescent or Tungsten white balance setting. However, sometimes experimenting with other white balance settings can produce some interesting light effects. Daylight white balance is a good starting point if you want to maintain the original colors of your artificial light sources. Auto White Balance is not recommended.
  • ISO – Use a low ISO, such as 100.
  • F-stop or aperture – Stop down to f/8 or f/10, which allows you to get more depth of field and enables you to use a longer shutter speed.
  • Shutter speed – Set your shutter speed to Bulb mode (your final shutter speed will be determined by the amount of ambient light in the scene).
  • LCD brightness – Lower the brightness of your LCD preview, because the normal setting is too bright at night and will make your image look bright when it’s actually underexposed.
8. Silhouettes
What Is Silhouette Photography?

A silhouette is created by a subject photographed against a bright background. The hard backlighting makes the subject dark, concealing the details.

The subject may be a person or an object, but we only see its shape.

Usually, we want to balance the exposure during photography.

We want to reach an evenly lit scene in our photographs.

But in silhouette pictures, we want a bright background to be properly exposed, while the subject goes dark and loses all or most of its details.

How to Photograph a Silhouette

Shooting silhouette photography is easy once you know the basics.

It’s mostly about where you stand in reference to a light source.

You’ll need a subject with a strong and identifiable shape.

This subject will create your silhouette once you take the picture.

You also need a strong light source that is behind your subject, which creates a hard light.

The sun as your light source is the easiest way to create silhouette photography.

To reach the desired results, make sure you are mindful of your position and camera settings when taking the photo.

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